By Kelvin J
25th of April every year, the world marks World malaria Day. Malaria is a killer disease caused by animals and mostly carried by mosquitoes. Although there are three types of mosquitoes (Anopheles, Culex and aedes), the female Anopheles mosquito carries malaria parasites. Culex carries the disease elephantiasis while aedes mosquito causes yellow fever. Of all the three diseases caused by mosquitoes, malaria is the most common and dagerous too. It has claimed many lives across the world. Although malaria is treatable, it can be prevented by controlling mosquitoes by stopping their breeding and protecting ourselves from their bites. Below are some ways that can be used to control mosquito breeding.
- Drain stagnant water. By draining stagnant water, mosquitoes will not have a place to lay their eggs. Also, water containers should be kept covered and old tins shouldn’t be left lying around.
- Pour paraffin onto stagnant water. If it’s not possible to drain all stagnant water, paraffin or any other kind of oil should be poured onto it. It will prevent mosquito larvae and pupae from breathing and they will die.
- Layer fish into pools. Fish such as tilapia eat mosquito larvae. Therefore, they should be kept into pools or slow moving water to eliminate mosquitoes.
- Keep the grass around the house short. Although it is impossible to stop all mosquitoes from breeding especially in hot and dry areas and near open water bodies such as lakes, keeping the grass around our house short is good. This is because mosquitoes like to hide in warm and dark places.
- Keep doors and windows closed. Since Anopheles mosquito usually feed after dark, we should keep doors and windows closed in the evening to prevent mosquitoes getting into the house.
- Use insecticides to kill them. Even after putting much effort to control mosquitoes from getting into our houses, it’s likely that a few still make it into our rooms and try to feed on our blood. Here we can still protect ourselves from their bites and the disease they carry by using insecticides to kill them.
- Wear long clothes. While in the house, you can wear long clothes that covers your arms and legs to make it difficult for mosquitoes to bite you.
- Apply creams. Some creams are made in such a way that mosquitoes repel our skin if it is applied with them. Use them to prevent mosquitoes from biting you.
- Sleep under treated nets. Finally, you can still protect yourself from mosquito bites by sleeping under treated mosquito nets. Mosquitoes will not be in a position to reach you if you sleep under nets. Thank you for reading. Together let’s fight malaria. Your likes and comments are mostly welcomed.